That is the proposal of Deputy Minister of Education and Training Hoang Minh Son at the 2023 Education Conference with the topic “Institutions and policies to improve the quality of higher education”. The conference was organized by the National Assembly’s Culture and Education Committee in coordination with the Ministry of Education and Training and Hanoi National University in Hanoi, on the afternoon of November 5, 2023.
Our country’s higher education is still slower than that in developed countries
Speaking at the conference, Deputy Minister Hoang Minh Son affirmed the particularly important role of higher education:
“Higher education plays a pivotal role in implementing one of three strategic breakthroughs, which is developing highly qualified and high-quality human resources associated with the development of science and technology and innovation, enhancing increase labor productivity and national competitiveness”.
Deputy Minister of Education and Training Hoang Minh Son spoke at the conference
After 10 years of implementing the 2012 Higher Education Law, implementing the Resolution of the 8th Plenum of the 11th Central Committee on fundamental and comprehensive innovation of education and training (Resolution 29-NQ/TW), especially since the Law No. 34 (Law amending and supplementing a number of articles of the Law on Higher Education), in which the focus is on university autonomy, the Vietnamese higher education system has had strong and positive innovations both in terms of quantity and quality, appearance and strength, stature and position.
However, leaders of the Ministry of Education and Training said that higher education is still considered to be lagging behind compared to developed countries, not meeting the increasing requirements of the economy; The people’s increasing learning needs and the growing expectations of the entire society, especially regarding the quality and structure of human resources.
On that basis, presenting at the conference, from the perspective of the state management agency responsible for education and training, Deputy Minister Hoang Minh Son raised a number of major institutional and policy issues. related to the quality of higher education.
According to the Deputy Minister, in terms of science as well as practice, the quality of higher education is a quite complex issue viewed from many different angles, has a complex relationship with many other factors, and is difficult to predict. effective control tool solutions. Therefore, the appropriate approach often used in actually developing university governance policies is the systems approach.
“The most important goal is for delegates attending today’s conference to discuss and agree on the nature and root causes of limitations and weaknesses in the quality of higher education. On that basis, agree on proposals and recommendations for necessary changes in institutions and policies for higher education in the next period”, leaders of the Ministry of Education and Training raised the issue.
Discussing the nature of higher education, the Deputy Minister affirmed that higher education is first and foremost a special public service. Learners as well as the State and businesses are customers who use the service, but the benefits received are delayed, long-term, sustainable and increase in value over time. Therefore, customers are also investors.
“Investing in education in general and higher education in particular is investing in development with high investment efficiency and large return rate. Both learners, families, the state, businesses and the whole society need to invest sufficiently in higher education and in higher education institutions,” the Deputy Minister emphasized.
On the basis of unifying the nature of higher education as a special public service, Deputy Minister Son affirmed that the quality of higher education will essentially be the result of measuring and evaluating its mission. Through indicators, demonstrating the added value of training, research and knowledge transfer activities, meeting the needs of learners, the state, businesses and society.
“One thing worth noting is that analyzing and evaluating the value of higher education must always go hand in hand with the effectiveness of higher education. The entire higher education system will not be able to maintain long-term quality if it is not effective,” Deputy Minister Son noted.
Leaders of the Ministry of Education and Training shared and recognized management at the level of higher education institutions from a system approach. A higher education institution as well as a higher education system has the following key elements: related to the quality and effectiveness of training. Input factors include scale, structure, enrollment quality, and implementation resources. The internal system has structure, organization and administration, training programs, teaching staff, facilities and technology,…
And so, starting from the mission, vision, and goals of that institution, universities, educational institutions as well as our state, our entire society needs to have policy and strategic institutions, Planning to make appropriate investments, to optimize the system, to achieve the desired output quality and efficiency.
“Thus, starting from the mission, vision, and goals of a higher education institution, higher education institutions as well as the State and the whole society need to have policies, institutions and strategies , planning to do with appropriate inputs, to optimize the system and ensure output of the desired quality and efficiency”, Deputy Minister Hoang Minh Son emphasized.
Overview of the conference
Looking at governance at the level of higher education institutions from a systems approach, the Deputy Minister pointed out some root causes leading to limitations in the quality of higher education today as follows:
First, the quality assessment and monitoring mechanism may not be truly effective or substantive. If we want to know the quality of education, we need to have a truly effective quality assessment and monitoring mechanism.
Second, the legal corridor of university autonomy is not truly consistent and has not created a strong momentum for higher education institutions to fully utilize their internal resources; The administrative capacity of some higher education institutions is still weak.
Third, the higher education system is still fragmented and not optimized. Some higher education institutions operate inefficiently and of poor quality.
Fourth, investment resources for education are still very low compared to development requirements. Comparing with the region and the world, the proportion of investment spending from the State budget for higher education is only 1/2 or 1/3 of the regional average.
Proposal to implement budget allocation based on mission-based competition mechanism
From that bottleneck, Deputy Minister Hoang Minh Son said that the policy to improve the quality of higher education is to strengthen factors affecting quality, to overcome the above bottleneck.
Accordingly, some policies to improve the quality of higher education proposed by Deputy Minister Hoang Minh Son are as follows:
Firstly, it is necessary to have policies and review policies to evaluate and monitor quality.
Second, there needs to be solutions to optimize the higher education system as well as each higher education institution in terms of structure, administration, operations and effective use of resources.
Third, there are policies and mechanisms to maximize mobilization and develop financial resources, staff, facilities, technology as well as cooperative relationships of schools and the education system. higher education with the outside.
Fourth, mechanisms and policies to effectively allocate and control the use of resources from the State, especially the State budget for higher education, need to have appropriate criteria and mechanisms.
Delegates attending the conference
Regarding assessment and monitoring of education quality, the Deputy Minister emphasized the need to focus on the internal quality assurance system and issues related to effectively combining accreditation at the higher education institution level and the program level. train. Clearly define the State management function of quality management with assessment and accreditation services… Combine the effective use of higher education institution standards and training program standards as well as develop and exploit Efficient higher education database. According to the Deputy Minister, this is a very important tool to ensure transparency in the system.
In addition, the Deputy Minister also said that, before discussing increasing resources for the higher education system, each higher education institution itself as well as the entire education system must be optimized for effective use. results of investment resources from outside. It is necessary to remove bottlenecks in policy mechanisms to promote university autonomy in depth and substance. Thereby, each higher education institution as well as the entire system can promote internal resources, be able to exploit different resources, and invest in improving the quality of higher education. Those establishments can compete with each other in a healthy way in a non-transparent competitive environment to use as a basis for competition.
Sharing more, Deputy Minister Hoang Minh Son said that currently the Ministry of Education and Training is urgently developing and submitting to the Prime Minister for approval the planning of the network of higher education institutions.
“One of the important purposes of construction and planning is to optimize the system to eliminate training facilities that operate with poor quality and ineffective performance,” the Deputy Minister said, and emphasized The regulatory and guiding role of the State is very important to implement network planning. Because, to implement it, it is necessary to have policies and mechanisms to mobilize resources and especially increase state investment resources to implement this plan as proposed.
Regarding the application of new technology in implementing the digital higher education model, Deputy Minister Hoang Minh Son said that it does not stop at the level of higher education institutions but is interconnected throughout the system. With the sharing and use of resources and providing educational services in the digital environment, there needs to be mechanisms and policies to encourage educational institutions to cooperate and use this environment together; as well as promoting the application of educational technology to teaching methods and improving training quality.
Regarding financial resource mobilization, the Deputy Minister emphasized the need to ensure the cost-benefit principle.
Accordingly, for learner resources, it is necessary to review policies related to tuition fees, scholarships and preferential credits for students according to subjects, fields, occupations, and training levels.
With resources from the state, it is necessary to increase state budget spending on higher education to reach the average level in the region, ensuring investment in the most effective fields and training levels. .
With business resources, the Deputy Minister proposed to consider what current bottlenecks are in preferential land and tax policies for businesses and individuals who want to sponsor higher education; Have incentive policies, ordering based on output results been implemented,…
Finally, with resources coming from the activities of higher education institutions themselves, the Deputy Minister posed the question: When implementing autonomy and exploiting facilities and financial activities within that institution, will it help Is it much for increasing resources and improving the training quality of each higher education institution?
In addition to proposing to increase the state budget for higher education, the Deputy Minister also emphasized the need to separately analyze and make transparent the allocation of state budget for higher education and each educational institution. Research and implement allocation based on a competitive mechanism based on mission, goals, and specify each performance indicator.
Implement innovation in the ordering mechanism, assigning tasks in packages based on output results instead of input.
Finally, leaders of the Ministry of Education and Training proposed that budget allocation for higher education should be linked to budget allocation for science and technology development, to ensure the proportion for higher education institutions. education, and resources spent on science and technology are commensurate with capacity and performance.